Women and Politics in Nigeria
Analyzing the effects of women in politics and their various activities, including their names and portfolios.
Politics can be said to be the act of making public choice and making decision on behalf of people through the medium of the State and its apparatus. It is accepted that for development of any kind to be successful woman which make up a larger proportion of the population should not be left out because there is no doubt that both men and woman have some potentials and rights to contribute meaningfully to the development of their countries through out the world. Africa inclusive. There is abundant historical evidence that African woman have for long been playing crucial role in political life of their countries. So many great women of yesteryears have help in shaping. African politics. They have played crucial roles in redeeming or elevating their countries.
Historical Background of Some Women
Long before British colonial administration and the struggle for independent, some women in the parts of the territory later designated Nigeria proved that their position would not be in the back seat one can say that women have always played political roles in Nigeria . There are well-documented accounts of women’s role in pre-colonial Nigeria that shows that quite a number of women’s groups and organizations existed. There are accounts of women rulership of various kingdoms in Nigeria . For instance the IGALA was said to have been founded by a women named EBELE EJAUNU. In IJESHIA in Yoruba land, five of the thirty-eight OWA (kings) had been women. There are so many other Yoruba towns that legend had it that they were founded by women. ONDO for example. There have been also female sovereign in Northern Nigeria, prominent among who was Queen AMINA of KATSINA who in the 15th century extended her influence as far as NUPE- and still held to have been responsible for introduction kola nut to the region. The role of UMU ADA in the East and Niger Delta part of Nigeria as civil society organizers, the role of “UMA ADA”, and the “OMU” were very significant. These groups had control of market and ensured preservation and that standards were followed. In Bonny, Queen KAMBASSA of Bonny was perhaps the only female AMANYANABO of Bonny. Education helped in the emergence of a political force to fight colonialism. This education was in the main male dominated thus creating latitude for superiority. The rise of Mrs. OLUFUMILAYO RANSOME KUTI’S, as an Icon in the Nigeria political space must be attributed to her early incursion into western Education. Also Mrs. MORGARENT EKPO contributed significantly to the politics of the COLONIA period. She worked for equal enjoyment of civil rights between European and Nigeria .