Dangers and Treatment Involved in Using Hair Dye

February 6, 2013 by Purple Heart  
Published in Hair

This article deals with the proper selection of the brand and the proper application of hair dye especially among first users. The dangers, symptoms,
diagnosis and treatment of wrong application are herein suggested.

Feel concerned if you are allergic to hair dye, or if you plan to dye your hair. Allergic reaction usually happens after the first or second application due to the allergen (the substance or agent that causes allergic reaction) contained in the dye. Generally allergic reaction may not occur for several years, but don’t take for granted any symptoms of allergy just because you have been using the same product for several months or years, or that you are used to dyeing your hair with any brand. Symptoms commonly appear two to three days after coloring the hair but may last for weeks.

Cause

The chemical in hair dye most likely to cause allergy is called para-phenylenediamine (PPD), a synthetic organic compound found in more than two-thirds of permanent hair dyes. It penetrates the hair shaft and follicle effectively. Some European countries including Germany, France and Sweden ban PPD.
Cobalt found in some brown hair dyes is another chemical that may cause allergic reaction. Glyceryl thioglycolate, another chemical found in permanent wave solutions, may also cause the same problem.

Symptoms

1. Itchy ccalp rashes may appear but it is a less common reaction because of the thickness of skin;
2. Severe facial swelling;
3. Contact dermatitis: an itchy, flaky red rash that often occurs on the face, neck, eyelids, and ears.

Diagnosis/Treatment

1. Most effective treatment: Avoid dying your hair.
2. Go to a trained beautician to do it for you especially if it’s your first time to dye your hair.
3. Do a patch test for a day and every time before you use permanent coloring.
4. Wear gloves to protect your hands.
5. Avoid rubbing the dye into your scalp and eyes.
6. Use cream or baby oil to protect your eyes, face, and neck from direct contact with the dye.
7. Wash off at once any dye that touches your skin. It’s hard to remove it if it dries on skin.
8. Close your eyes when washing off the dye from your hair.
9. Be sure the water you use in washing off the dye is not too hot.
10. Follow closely the instructions on the label on how to apply the dye.
11. Choose the brand that does not contain the chemical that causes allergy. Most semi-permanent colors including “cellophanes” do not contain PPD. Be sure to check the label for content.
12. Corticosteroids may be used to neutralize allergic reaction.
13. For mild allergic reaction use topical corticosteroid cream.
14. For facial rashes use Elidel and Protopic cream. ###
15. Use systemic corticosteroids, either in pill form or injection. ###

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3 Responses to “Dangers and Treatment Involved in Using Hair Dye”
  1. girishpuri Says:

    useful share

  2. Purple Heart Says:

    I have been dying my for almost thirty years but I have not experienced any allergy from any brand of hair dye I used because I follow closely directions suggested on the label of the dye.

  3. SharifaMcFarlane Says:

    These are good safety tips for us to follow. I have never had an allergic reaction but I don’t like the ammonia smell of some dyes.


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